The effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions on the psychological well-being of nurses: A systematic review
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There is a rising demand for methods to support well-being at work. Mindfulness-based interventions have the potential to enhance nurses' psychological well-being. Purpose: To identify mindfulness-based interventions and outcome measures and to evaluate the effect on the psychological well-being of nurses. Methods: A systematic review following Prisma protocol with search of four electronic databases was undertaken covering English language publications between January 2011 and July 2021. Findings: A total of 11 randomized controlled trial (RCT) and quasi-experimental studies with a total of 1009 participants were included. The outcome measures were stress, depression, anxiety, burnout, resilience, quality of life, self-compassion, happiness, and the level of mindfulness. Ten studies demonstrated positive impact of mindfulness-based intervention on nurses' psychological well-being. Discussion: Mindfulness-based interventions have the potential to enhance the well-being of nurses. RCTs using rigorous designs, consistent outcome measures and bigger sample sizes are required to determine the effectiveness of mindfulness programs.